The Walls & Wars Route
Old Acre is one of the few cities in the world whose walls have remained standing over the years, despite the fact that they were attacked by large, powerful armies several times. However, in the early 20th century, the British regime made two openings in the wall in order to allow access to motorized troops.
A walk along the land and sea walls, respectively, guarantees a unique experience, which illustrates the military might of the protected city.
The Old City – in its current boundaries – was first fortified in the days of the Cairo-based Fatimid Islamic Caliphate (Muslim regime). In 950, ruler Ibn Tolon ordered that a wall be constructed around the City of Acre. The wall was renovated in 1071 ahead of the Seljuk invasion of Israel and again ahead of the Crusader conquest in 1099. The Crusaders renovated the walls of Acre and in the early 13th century, they added new walls, built new towers and made the walls higher.
In 1291, the Mamluks totally destroyed the city wall.
In 1750, Bedouin ruler Dahar El-Omar restored the wall.
Between 1775 and 1799, El-Jazzar fortified the city walls, which had been severely damaged during the siege of Napoleon, but not destroyed.
Between 1800 and 1814, new walls were built around Acre (the El-Jazzar Walls). These walls were double, particularly massive walls equipped with broad, powerful watchtowers. Moreover, heavy cannons were placed on the walls in order to enhance the city's protection.
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